After retirement, some of the KGB officers involved in the TRIANON investigation wrote books and articles or were interviewed in podcasts and videos about the case. Some continued service in the FSB or SVR and retired in high positions. A few of the KGB veterans have commented about more recent intelligence operations, including specific active measures events. They have answered questions about KGB involvement in murders, the Skripal poisoning and interference the U.S. 2016 and other election.
The main investigation was conducted by a group of KGB officers detached to a special department within MFA headed by a colonel from the First Chief Directorate (FCD), foreign operations. In 1975 officers from the counterintelligence KGB Second Chief Directorate’s (SCD) 7th (later 12th) Department (foreigners in the USSR) were attached to this department as part of the Covert Security Service of the MFA.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs officals
Gromyko, Andrei Andreyevich, Minister of Foreign Affairs (MFA), 1957-1985
A little-known fact: In 1949 GRU and NKVD intelligence were combined and subordinated to the Intelligence Committee (КИ – Комитет информации) under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs . The KI controlled all military and political intelligence. Gromyko was its Deputy Chief. The GRU was returned to the military in 1952.
Gromyko was disliked by the KGB and reportedly interfered with the investigation of TRIANON/TRIGON.
“… the implementation of operational materials was delayed more than six months, largely because of intrigues between the leadership of the Foreign Ministry and the KGB, of course. The Chief of the Security Service of the Foreign Ministry, General Kurushev (sic, Kuryshev) repeatedly informed the Minister, Andrei Gromyko, about Ogorodnik, whose response was something like this: “There are no traitors in the Foreign Ministry.”[i]
Zemskov, Igor Nikolayevich, Deputy Minister Ministry oi Foreign Affairs (MFA) 1973-1982
- As Deputy Minister MFA, under Zemskov’s jurisdiction was the MFA’s Covert Security Service (zakonspirovannaya sluzhba bezopasnosti). The Chief of the Security Service was KGB Colonel Mikhail Ivanovich Kuryshev; it was manned largely by officers from the KGB Second Chief Directorate’s (SCD)’s 7th Department (foreigners in the USSR). Igor Peretrukhin ran the TRIANON investigation from the Security Service of the MFA. The Security Service was also referred to as the Special Department (spetsotdel), Spetsgruppa, gruppa, or just the sluzhba.[ii]
KGB officers involved in the TRIGON/TRIANON operation
Andropov, Yuri Chairman of the KGB
Tsvigun, Semen Kuzmich, General of the Army KGB, 1st Deputy Chairman of the KGB. He considered the TRIGON/TRIANON case a failure and did not want to approve awards and medals for KGB officers. He was overruled by Andropov. There is juicy speculation over his relationships, activities, and his death: suicide or murder.
First Chief Directorate (FCD) USSR / Первое главное управление (ПГУ) КГБ СССР – foreign intelligence
1st Department of the FCD, USA /1-й отдел ПГУ (США)
- Kuryshev, Mikhail Ivanovich, KGB Colonel[iii]. In 1973, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Covert Security Service was created. This Security Service played the primary role in conducting the TRIANON investigation. Kuryshev was detached from the First Chief Directorate (FCD) as Chief. It was manned by and subordinated to the 7th (later 12th) Department of the KGB Second Chief Directorate. Its employees were part of the MFA Special Department (spetsotdel). The activities of the Security Council were supervised by Deputy Minister I. Zemskov.
Second Chief Directorate USSR (SCD) / Второе главное управление КГБ СССР (ВГУ)
Grigorenko, Grigoriy Fyodorovich, KGB Lieutenant General, Chief of the Second Chief Directorate 1970-1982; Responsible for the overall TRIANON operation. See Wikipedia for Григоренко, Григорий Фёдорович
Boyarov, Vitaliy Konstantinovich, retired KGB Lieutenant General, First Deputy Chief of the SCD. Head of the investigation to catch Ogorodnik. See Wikipedia for Бояров, Виталий Константинович
- Interview with Aleksandr Khinsteyn / (Hinstine) Tass is Authorized to Announce 20 Years Later (also partially published in Moskovski Komsomolets)
Rasshchepov, Yevgeni Mikhaylovich, KGB Major then Lieutenant General, 1960s-1997, Chief of the First Department of the SCD (Counterintelligence against USA).
Krasilnikov, Rem Sergeyevich, Major General KGB, Deputy Chief SCD and Chief Second Department (UK) of the SCD. Expert in countermeasures against the American intelligence services of that time. He had worked in the Second Chief Directorate since 1949. During the 1980s, he was Chief of the First (American) Department within the KGB’s Second Chief Directorate, which placed him in charge of investigating and disrupting the operations of the Central Intelligence Agency in Moscow. Prior to that he headed up the Second Department of the SCD, which targeted the intelligence operations of the United Kingdom. From 1979 until his retirement in 1992 he was the Chief of the First American Department. Author of: “The Ghosts from Tchaikovsky Street” (Geya publishing house 1999); [Translator: Tchaikovsky Street here means the American Embassy]. Also Spy Hunters: KGB vs. MI-6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rem_Krassilnikov
- Krasnilnikov narrates Youtube video Hunter for Spies 1979-1988, mentions Gerber, Downing, Sellers
Obit March 2003 New York Times by James Risen
KGB vs. MI-6 (КГБ против МИ-6. Охотники за шпионами) video
Second Chief Directorate’s Seventh Department (foreigners in the USSR) / 7th Department of the SCD / 7-й отдел ВГУ
Combating terrorism, monitoring foreigners with emphasis on watching intelligence officers working under cover at embassies and representations
Kevorkov, Vyacheslav Yervandovich, Major General KGB, Chief 7th Department of the SCD (work with the MFA). Author of General Boyarov, which has a chapter called TRIANON. Prototype of KGB General Konstantinov in the novel by Yulian Semenov TASS is Authorized to Announce and the 10-part film with the same name. Russian Wikipedia under Кеворков, Вячеслав Ервандович
Peretrukhin Igor Konstantinovich, KGB Lieutenant Colonel (later Colonel), retired, 1978 Chief of the 7th Department of the SCD (foreigners in the USSR); attached to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Clandestine Security Service for the period of the investigation; author of book Agent Codename TRIANON, which presumably presents the KGB’s “official” version of events. Book available only in Russian.
Consultant to TV teleserial TASS is Authorized to Announce
Almost the exact book published later as “What TASS Did Not Announce: The True Story Игорь Перетрухин / О чем не заявил ТАСС. Подлинная история “Трианона”
Leytan, Nikolay, Senior Lieutenant KGB, Seventh Department of the SCD, attached to MFA Security Service. Received medal For Combat Merit for his role in the TRIANON investigation.
Molodtsov, Vladimir (“Volodya”) V., Captain (later made colonel), 7th Department of SCD KGB, attached to MFA Security Service. Received medal For Combat Merit for his role in the TRIANON investigation.
- ? Molodtsov, Yuri – in Peretrukhin’s book, probably error
- For Combat Merit : Молодцов и «За боевые заслуги»
Shitikov, Vladimir, 7th Department of the SCD attached to MFA Security Service, awarded Medal for Combat Merit (or Yuri Shitikov in Peretrukhin’s book) “sent to staff the Seventh Department for Work at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Sedmoy otdel po rabote po MID): Grechayev, Udalov, Shitikov, Leytan, and Molodtsov” Received medal For Combat Merit for his role in the TRIANON investigation.
Udalov, – Seventh Department of the SCD, attached to the MFA Security Service. Received medal For Combat Merit for his role in the TRIANON investigation.
Kostyrya, Vladimir Ivanovich, Colonel, Deputy Chief of Kevorkov’s SCD 7th Department’s OTS (production of technical monitoring equipment /7-й отдел (изготовление технических средств наблюдения)
Seventh Directorate KGB USSR (Surveillance) / Седьмое управление КГБ СССР (“семерка”)
Beschastnov, Aleksei Dmitriyevich, Lieutenant General KGB. Chief of the Seventh Directorate 1974-1981
Kalabashkin, Mikhail Grigoryevich, Major General, Deputy Chief of the Seventh Directorate in charge of surveillance and technical support (spelled Kolobashkin on the Sword and Shield website: КОЛОБАШКИН Михаил Георгиевич (на 1977 г.). In Igor Peretrukhin’s book Agent Codename TRIANON, for the 15 July 1977 Operation Setun, Marti Peterson’s capture, “… Seventh Directorate Major General Mikhail Grigoryevich Kalabashkin led the external surveillance and technical support forces.”
Prelin, Igor Nikolayevich, retired KGB Colonel, an outspoken officer who appears in a number of articles and TV videos, including American History (Heroes) Channel’s documentary Shadow Ops. One of the prototypes for Slavin in TASS is Authorized to Announce TV serial.
– Featured on Top Secret The True Story of TASS is Authorized to Announce.
– In American History (Heroes) Channel’s documentary Shadow Ops. Col. Prelin sheepishly admitted that after giving a practical demonstration of her martial arts abilities, one of the KGB officers “couldn’t have sex for two years.”
- Interview about famous KGB spies: PBS Red Files part of series
- Prelin on death of KGB defector who died 15 July 2015 “natural causes” Youtube in Russian
- Youtube KGB defector who died
- Kruchkov, Putin supported Trump election, assasinations
- Takes David Remnick to interview with Kryuchkov in
Resurrection: The Struggle for a New Russia By David Remnick
Zaitsev, Gennady Nikolayevich, KGB Lieutenant General, assigned to the KGB 7th Directorate (Surveillance). In August 1977 (a month after the capture of Marti) he was named commander of Spetsnaz Alpha Group. Not to be confused with the younger Vladimir Nikolayevich Zaitsev, who was assigned to his Alpha Group unit.
[i] What TASS was not Authorized to Announce… (see translation); original Russian:
Zaitsev, Vladimir Nikolayevich, Captain, In several articles called the “Legend of legends,” KGB karate champion. Worked in the 7th Directorate and wore a militia uniform at the ambush of Martha Peterson at the bridge, during which “he aided his struggling subordinates by grabbing her hand and squeezing her wrist, breaking her watchband.” Marti described him as handsome and spiffy in his uniform. She has a famous sense of humor and decided to flirt with him, swapping hand squeezes. A quote from The Widow Spy:
- “Glancing down, I saw that my watchband on my left wrist had popped open in the melee. Following my eyes, the militiaman looked down. He gently adjusted and clasped the watchband. I realized then that we were actually holding hands, this young man and I. So, the devil made me do it, I squeezed his hand twice. Damned if he didn’t squeeze back. I’m sure he was amazed that this young woman had been arrested. Could she really be a spy?”
From Wikipedia” “… CIA Spy Arrests
From 1985 to 1992, [Vladimir Nikolayevich] Zaitsev participated in operations to capture 13 spies of the CIA and intelligence units of the other Western countries. Information about US intelligence was provided by Aldrich Ames (sic), and it was Zaitsev’s group who was considered the most preferable for capturing the them. In particular, Zaitsev took part in 1977 in the arrest of CIA spy Martha Peterson, officially the vice-consul of the US Embassy, and the detention of the recruited CIA Alexander Ogorodnik (Trianon), who committed suicide during the attempt to detain him. Zaitsev said that before the operation he dressed in the uniform of a militia officer, and during the operation grabbed Peterson’s hand and broke her wristwatch band, which contained a microphone connected to a recording device.”
Captain Zaitsev was commander of the 4th Section [otdeleniye] of Gennady Zaytsev’s Spetsnaz Alpha Group. He was praised especially for his training role. He eventually retired as KGB colonel and Deputy Chief of Spetsnaz Alpha Group.
Sharovatov, Viktor, Colonel – MK newspaper 21 Feb 1997 signed by Sharovatov; Marti; Sharovatov, center over Marti’s left shoulder; and Zaitsev (right, in uniform) at the seizure on the bridge. In the skit of Catch them in the Act, Sharovatov is one of the officers who seized Martha Peterson on the bridge.
Yerofeyev, Lt. Colonel, Chief of one of Sharovatov’s Service (Sluzhba) sections (nachalnik otdeleniya sluzhby). Included in the skit of Catch them in the Act along with Col. Sharovatov. He captured Marti at the bridge and was briefly knocked unconscious by a karate kick.
Inzhevatov, Senior Lieutenant, In the skit of Catch them in the Act, one of the officers who participated in the capture of Martha Peterson on the bridge
Kotov, Oleg – author of several articles – author of What TASS was Not Authorized to Announce, March 2005, Independent Military Review
Solomin, Igor – in room with Kevorkov when Ogorodnik committed suicide
Kalugin, Oleg – KGB Major General, in his First Dirctorate (1994) met with Karl Koecher in Prague about on Ogorodnik, pg. 187-188 “In the mid-1970s, the Czechs had managed to re-establish contact with one of their agents who had fled to America following the events of 1968. The Czech immigrant had taken a job as a contract employee of the CIA, and he ad access to internal CIA communications as well as messages intercepted by the agency around the world. The Czechs made contact with the man in Washington, and he agreed to resume working for them. Most of the information he supplied to the Czechs was of of little value, but he forwarded the names of three Soviets in Columbia who were targets of CIA recruitment. One was a diplomat named Ogorodnik.”
Czech intelligence had “the CIA mole” return to Prague, where he and his wife Hana were debriefed. Kalugin thought he was a double agent for the CIA.
- “doubts that Ogorodnik committed suicide”
Fulton, Robert, CIA Moscow Station Chief 1975-1977
Platt, Jack “Cowboy” – CIA Station Chief Moscow who was friends with KGB case officer Gennadi Vasilenko. Vasilenko was released from imprisonment in the spy trade for 10 Russian illegals in the US, including Anna Chapman.
[ii] http://shieldandsword.mozohin.ru/kgb5491/reserv/min/mid.htm “In 1973, the KGB Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ clandestine Security Service (законспирированная) служба безопасности КГБ МИД (Министерство иностранных дел СССР) was created. It was subordinated to the 7th (then 12th) Department of the KGB Second Chief Directorate (SCD) under the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Its employees were part of the Special Department (спецотдел) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the activities of the Security Council were supervised by [MFA] Deputy Minister I. N. Zemskov.” (создана законспирированная Служба безопасности МИДа, подчиненная 7-му (затем 12-му) отделу ВГУ КГБ при СМ СССР (2 Главное управление (контрразведка). Ее сотрудники числились в составе спецотдела МИД, деятельность Службы безопасности курировал заместитель министра И.Н.Земсков)
Also Wikipedia entry in Russian under Земсков, Игорь Николаевич
From Igor Peretrukhin’s Agent Codename TRIANON on this security group (gruppa) or security service (sluzhba) in the MFA: “In the extremely complicated international situation during the Cold War, when the intelligence services of the opponent stepped up their activities, the Second Chief Directorate perfected its work methods. There were subunits with new functions both directly in the directorate and beyond its boundaries in the form of security services in facilities with possible agent penetration. In 1975 one such service was created within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR.
The creation of the Security Service did not happen without some difficulties associated with the ambiguity of evaluating its future activities in the leadership circles of the ministry. But eventually Andrey Gromyko gave his consent. After that, a group of operatives led by Col. Mikhail Ivanovich Kuryshev for the first time officially entered into the staffing of one of the ministry departments and occupied the rooms given to them in the building on Smolenskaya Square. Besides this, a number of officers from other units of our department, and also graduates of the higher school of the KGB of the USSR who earlier had graduated from civilian higher education institutions and then undertook language training, were sent to staff the Seventh Department for Work at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Sedmoy otdel po rabote po MID): Grechayev, Udalov, Shitikov, Leytan, and Molodtsov. It was determined that Kuryshev’s communications with the minister on all questions would be carried out through the Deputy Minister, Igor Nikolayevich Zemskov.”